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by Mafaniso Hara, Gugu Njokweni, Belemane Semoli in 2017

Aquaculture has potential to contribute towards food and nutrition security, job creation and income for South African communities, provided that the challenges and limitations for their participation in commercial aquaculture value chains can be overcome. Most communities lack investment funding and enter the industry from a base whereby they do not have the knowledge, technical skills, managerial capacity and marketing know-how for aquaculture. Partnerships with established aquaculture companies and entrepreneurs provide the best opportunities for bringing communities into mainstream commercial aquaculture. The partnerships need to include the sharing of relevant knowledge, technical and managerial skills for aquaculture and marketing. Partnerships based on closely knit shareholdership arrangements appear to hold the best chance for successful and sustainable community participation in commercial aquaculture.

by Kevern Cochrane in 2017

This presentation will provide the policy background, then look at the current status of main South African stocks, followed by a discussion on the economic returns from small-scale fishing and what can and cannot be expected from implementation of the policy; concluding with recommendations on the way forward.

by Ratana Chuenpagdee , Philip Loring, Moenieba Isaacs in 2017

This special issue explores the importance of small-scale fisheries to food systems and food security at local, regional, and global levels. Fisheries, whether large or small, wild or farmed, commercial, artisanal, subsistence, or otherwise, contribute in multiple important ways to the lives and livelihoods of billions of people world-wide. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), fisheries, aquaculture, and related activities provide the primary livelihoods for ten to twelve percent of the world’s population. In addition, the products of these industries account for a significant portion of the global diet, providing about 3 billion people with almost 20 percent of their intake of animal protein, and 4.3 billion people with about 15 percent. Fisheries are also important to culture and well-being in numerous coastal communities worldwide. Further, both small-scale fisheries and aquaculture have been identified as be key development venues for raising people out of poverty and food insecurity.

The special issue was developed through the TBTI ‘Fish as Food‘ research cluster.

by Elizabeth R Selig, Mafaniso Hara, et al. Fish & Fisheries in 2017

PLAAS researcher, Mafa Hara ias a co-author of this newly published journal article.
Fisheries provide nutrition and livelihoods for coastal populations, but many fisheries are fully or over-exploited and we lack an approach for analysing which factors affect management tool performance. We conducted a literature review of 390 studies to assess how fisheries characteristics affected management tool performance across both small-scale and large-scale fisheries. We defined success as increased or maintained abundance or biomass, reductions in fishing mortality or improvements in population status. Because the literature only covered a narrow set of biological factors, we also conducted an expert elicitation to create a typology of broader fishery characteristics, enabling conditions and design considerations that affect performance. The literature suggested that the most commonly used management tool in a region was often the most successful, although the scale of success varied. Management tools were more often deemed successful when used in combination, particularly pairings of tools that controlled fishing mortality or effort with spatial management. Examples of successful combinations were the use of catch limits with quotas and limited entry, and marine protected areas with effort restrictions. The most common factors associated with inadequate biological performance were ‘structural’ issues, including poor design or implementation. The expert-derived typologies revealed strong local leadership, high community involvement and governance capacity as common factors of success across management tool categories (i.e. input, output and technical measures), but the degree of importance varied. Our results are designed to inform selection of appropriate management tools based on empirical data and experience to increase the likelihood of successful fisheries management.

by Oliver Schultz in 2016

This paper seeks to assess the state of knowledge in relation to the interrelated subjects of value chains, livelihoods, food systems, and regulatory dynamics in South Africa’s large- and small-scale fisheries. South Africa’s marine fisheries play an important role in sustaining the livelihoods and food security of poorer coastal communities. However, the post-apartheid fisheries dispensation is marked by structural inequalities between large- and small-scale fisheries sectors, with direct implications for livelihoods and food security. Addressing these inequalities in practice requires a critical understanding of South Africa’s fisheries economy and governance system, and in particular, the way that benefits from the country’s marine commons are distributed within society. As a means to assess the state of knowledge regarding these subjects, the paper reviews key literature that engages with small- and large-scale fisheries value chains, and the livelihoods and food systems they sustain. Literature on fisheries governance is also reviewed to assess how fisheries value chains are shaped by the regulatory environment. Having reviewed what is known in the literature about South Africa’s fisheries economy and governance system, the paper briefly considers the implications of this knowledge for small-scale fisheries value chains, and for the local livelihoods and food systems of poorer coastal communities who depend on small-scale fisheries. The paper also identifies important knowledge gaps and future research objectives in relation to the economics and power dynamics of fisheries value chains. Finally, the paper discusses key themes emerging from the literature that help to shed light on the current process in South Africa’s fisheries.


Keywords: fisheries, value chains, livelihoods, food governance, South Africa

Working Paper 42