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Prof Andries Du Toit, January 2012

Prof Andries du Toit

Director and Professor


Research Focus:

Chronic poverty, inequality and vulnerability


Andries du Toit has a PhD in Comparative Studies from the University of Essex. His training is in political theory and in qualitative and anthropological approaches to social science research. He has done extensive research on the political economy of structural poverty and racialised inequality in a range of contexts in South Africa: his publications include work on the social relations of labour on commercial fruit and wine farms in the Western Cape, on chronic and structural poverty in the rural and urban Western Cape and in the Eastern Cape, and on the dynamics of marginalised livelihoods and informal social protection in the migrant networks of the Eastern and Western Cape.

At present, his work focuses on developing a critical understanding of the politics of knowledge production in the government of poverty and marginal livelihoods. His key interest lies in the ways in which development discourse and the production of technical 'poverty knowledge' can mystify and obscure the social relations of power that underpin persistent inequality and structural poverty. Here, his concern is to develop approaches and frameworks that can go beyond narrowly positivist and technicist approaches to the politics of use-oriented basic research. In this regard he has focused on developing a critical understanding of discourses around social exclusion and the uses of poverty measurement, and he maintains an ongoing interest in the use of critical social theory in the integration of qualitative and quantitative research approaches to poverty, vulnerability and marginality.


PhD in Comparative Studies, University of Essex, 1996, Discourses of paternalism on Western Cape wine and fruit farms.

MA, University of Stellenbosch


  1. Du Toit, A. (2013). Real Acts, Imagined Landscapes: Reflections on the Discourses of Land Reform in South Africa after 1994. Journal of Agrarian Change, 13(1), 16–22.

  2. Neves, D., & du Toit, A. (2013). Rural Livelihoods in South Africa: Complexity, Vulnerability and DifferentiationJournal of Agrarian Change13(1), 93–115.

  3. Vandemoortele, M., Bird, K., Du Toit, A., Liu, M., Sen, K., & Soares, F. V. (2013). Building blocks for equitable growth: lessons from the BRICS (Working Paper No. 365). London: Overseas Development Institute.

  4. Du Toit A (2012) 'The trouble with poverty: Reflections on South Africa’s post-apartheid anti-poverty consensus,' Working Paper 22. PLAAS, UWC: Bellville.

  5. 24. Du Toit A (2012) 'Making sense of "evidence": Notes on the discursive politics of research and pro-poor policy making', Working Paper 21. PLAAS, UWC: Bellville.
  6. Neves, D. & du Toit, A., 2012. Money and Sociality in South Africa’s Informal EconomyAfrica, 82(01), pp.131-149.
  7. Bolwig, S. et al., 2011. A Methodology for Integrating Developmental Concerns into Value Chain Analysis and Interventions. Markets and Rural Poverty: Upgrading in Value Chains, p.21.
  8. du Toit, A., 2011. The proper subject for poverty research is inequality. In Zuma’s Own Goal. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press Inc, pp. 125-150.
  9. du Toit, A., 2011. Nasruddin’s key: Poverty measurement and the government of marginal populationsWorking Paper 20. Cape Town: Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies.
  10. Du Toit, A., 2011. Chronic and structural poverty in South Africa: challenges for action and research.
  11. Du Toit, A., 2011. Forgotten by the Highway: Globalisation, adverse incorporation and chronic poverty in a commercial farming district of South Africa.
  12. Du Toit, A., 2011. Poverty measurement blues: some reflections on the space for understanding ’chronic’ and ’structural’ poverty in South Africa, Manchester: Chronic Poverty Centre.
  13. Hickey, S. & Du Toit, A., 2011. Adverse incorporation, social exclusion and chronic poverty.
  14. Bolwig, S. et al., 2010. Integrating Poverty and Environmental Concerns into Value‐Chain Analysis: A Conceptual Framework. Development Policy Review, 28(2), pp.173-194.
  15. Neves, D. & Du Toit, A., 2010. Editorial: Working on the margins: poverty and economic marginality in South AfricaLaw Democracy and Development.
  16. Riisgaard, L. et al., 2010. Integrating Poverty and Environmental Concerns into Value‐Chain Analysis: A Strategic Framework and Practical GuideDevelopment Policy Review, 28(2), pp.195-216.
  17. du Toit, A., 2009. Poverty Measurement Blues. In Poverty dynamics: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 225.
  18. Neves, D. & du Toit, A., 2009. Understanding “economic agency” in the context of informal self-employment. In First Workshop on Popular Economies in South Africa. London: London School of Economics.
  19. Neves, D. et al., 2009. The use and effectiveness of social grants in South AfricaResearch report, FinMark Trust, Johannesburg.
  20. Du Toit, A. & Neves, D., 2009. Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks: Vulnerability, Social Networks and Reciprocal Exchange in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa, Manchester: Brooks World Poverty Institute.
  21. Du Toit, A. & Neves, D., 2009. Trading on a Grant: Integrating Formal and Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks, Manchester: Brooks World Poverty Institute.
  22. Bolwig, S. et al., 2008. Integrating poverty, gender and environmental concerns into value chain analysis: A conceptual framework and lessons for action research, Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS).
  23. du Toit, A., 2008. Living on the margins: the social dynamics of economic marginalisationDevelopment Southern Africa, 25(2), pp.135-150.
  24. Du Toit, A., Kruger, S. & Ponte, S., 2008. Deracializing exploitation? “Black economic empowerment” in the South African wine industryJournal of Agrarian Change, 8(1), pp.6-32.
  25. Neves, D. & Du Toit, A., 2008. The Dynamics of Household Formation and Composition in the Rural Eastern Cape, Cape Town: Centre for Social Science Research.
  26. Riisgaard, L. et al., 2008. A strategic framework and toolbox for action research with small producers in value chains.
  27. du Toit, A., 2007. Adverse Incorporation and Agrarian Policy in South Africa.
  28. Du Toit, A. & Neves, D., 2007. In search of South Africa’s “second economy”:  Part 1: historical, theoretical and empirical diagnosticsAfricanus, 37(2), pp.145-174.
  29. Du Toit, A. & Neves, D., 2007. In search of South Africa’s Second Economy: Chronic poverty, economic marginalisation and adverse incorporation in Mt Frere and KhayelitshaChronic Poverty Research Centre, 102.
  30. Du Toit, A., Skuse, D.A. & Cousins, T., 2007. The political economy of social capital: chronic poverty, remoteness and gender in the Rural Eastern CapeSocial Identities, 13(4), pp.521-540.
  31. Kruger, S. & du Toit, A., 2007. Reconstructing fairness: Fair Trade conventions and worker empowerment in South African horticulture. In Fair trade: the challenges of transforming globalization. pp. 200-222.
  32. Aliber, M., de Swardt, C. & du Toit, A., 2005. Trends and policy challenges in the rural economy: four provincial case studies, Human Sciences Research Council.
  33. De Swardt, C. et al., 2005. Urban poverty in Cape TownEnvironment and Urbanization, 17(2), pp.101-111.
  34. du Toit, A., 2005. Western Cape Case Study. In Trends And Policy Challenges in the Rural Economy: Four Provincial Case Studies. HSRC Press, pp. 17-44.
  35. Ewert, J. & Du Toit, A., 2005. A Deepening Divide in the Countryside: Restructuring and Rural Livelihoods in the South African Wine Industry. Journal of Southern African Studies, 31(2), pp.315-332.
  36. Du Toit, A., 2004. “Social exclusion” discourse and chronic poverty: a South African case studyDevelopment and Change, 35(5), pp.987-1010.
  37. Lund, F. & Du Toit, A., 2004. Livelihoods (un) employment and social safety nets: reflections from recent studies in KwaZulu-Natal. Southern African Regional Poverty Network.
  38. du Toit, A., 2003. Hunger in the Valley of Fruitfulness. In “Staying poor: Chronic poverty and development policy. ”Manchester: Chronic Poverty Research Centre, University of Manchester.
  39. Du Toit, A. & Ally, F., 2003. The externalisation and casualisation of farm labour in Western Cape horticultureResearch Report 16. Cape Town: Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies.
  40. Du Toit, A., 2002. Globalizing ethics: Social technologies of private regulation and the South African wine industryJournal of Agrarian Change, 2(3), pp.356-380.
  41. du Toit, A. & Ewert, J., 2002. Myths of Globalisation: private regulation and farm worker livelihoods on Western Cape farmsTransformation, (50).
  42. Du Toit, A., 2001. Ethical Trading – A Force for Improvement, or Corporate Whitewash?, London: Overseas Development Institute.
  43. Du Toit, A., 2001. Globalising ethics: A case study of the social technologies of private regulation in the South African wine industry, Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies.
  44. Du Toit, A., 1998. The fruits of modernity: Law, power and paternalism in Western Cape fruit and wine farms. In South Africa in transition: New theoretical perspectives. New York: St Martin’s Press, pp. 149-64.
  45. Du Toit, A., 1996. Piloting Land Redistribution in the Western Cape: Diagnostic Evaluation Studies in Land Reform: AD HOC, Johannesburg: Land and Agriculture Policy Centre.
  46. Du Toit, A., 1996. The fruits of modernity: Law, power and paternalism on Western Cape farms, Cape Town: Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies, School of Government, University of the Western Cape.
  47. Du Toit, A., 1996c. Western Cape Diagnostic Evaluation Studies Report, Johannesburg: Land and agriculture policy centre (LAPC).
  48. du Toit, A., 1994. Farm workers and the “agrarian question”. Review of African Political Economy, 21(61), pp.375-388.
  49. Du Toit, A., 1993. The micro‐politics of paternalism: The discourses of management and resistance on South African fruit and wine farmsJournal of Southern African Studies, 19(2), pp.314-336.
  50. Du Toit, A., 1992. Farm Dwellers and Local Government. In Local Government and Planning Policy Research Project Conference —Towards a Democratic Sub-National Government: University of the Western Cape. Cape Town.
  51. Du Toit, A., 1992. The farm as family: paternalism, management and modernisation on Western Cape wine and fruit farms, Stellenbosch: Centre for Rural Legal Studies.
  52. Du Toit, A., 1991. Rural rights and farm worker discourse: democratic organisation and ideological struggle on Western Cape fruit farms, Stellenbosch: Centre for Rural Legal Studies.
  53. Du Toit, A.B., 1991. The National Committee for Liberation (ARM) 1960-1964: Sabotage and the Question of the Ideological Subject. MA. University of Cape Town.