Kelvin Haule holds a PhD in Urban Geography from the University of Dodoma,Tanzania graduated in 2017. He is a lecturer at the University of Dodoma, Tanzania. His thesis is “Land Market and Livelihood Dynamics in the Peri-urban Areas of Tanzania: The Case of Mbeya City”. He has been collaborating with other academicians in publishing articles and book chapters in the areas land market, land use changes, urban farming, and livelihoods. He holds a PGD in Poverty and Policy Analysis offered by Erasmus University, ESRF and REPOA. He holds a bachelor degree on Geography and Environmental Studies from University of Dar es Salaam. He holds a master degree on Development Studies from University of Dodoma, Tanzania. In 2019, he visited Lancaster Environment Centre (LEC), Lancaster University to present and share his research experience on Land Market and establish academic collaborations with Dr.Manoj Roy from Lancaster University. Among his publications: Kaswamila, A. L., Gereta, E., Othman O.C., Bevanger, K., Mwakipesile A.1, Haule, K., Kihwele, and Sum- may, G.(2014). Assessment of Water Quality along the Proposed Highway through Serengeti National Park, Tanzania, International Journal of Environment and Bioenergy Journal 9 (2): 95-104. Haule Kelvin and Kilonzo Rehema (2018). Understanding Land Market in the Peri-urban Areas of Tanzania: Challenges and Opportunities for Industrialization presented in the International Conference on Planning and Development “Towards Industrialization in the Global South: Making Rural Regions Inclusive”, 28th June 2018 to 30th June 2018 organized by the Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRDP), Tanzania.
An Evolutionary Analysis of Land Market in Tanzania: A Blight or Blessing for Peri- urban Agriculture? The Experience of Mbeya City, Tanzania
Owing land reforms in Tanzania that have been growing since 1990s, land market is at the heart of land acquisitions. Its growth is both an opportunity and a challenge to people depending on agriculture. Drawing from the evolutionary theory of land rights (ETLR), the paper analyses the extent to which peri-urban farming has evolved in response to land market. Specifically, it assesses the evolution of land market that has been taking place since the land reforms of 1990s in peri-urban areas. This is addressed through documentary review and interviews with government and non-government officials. Objective two evaluates the opportunities and challenges of land commercialization and commoditization on peri-urban farming. This is largely responded through questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions. Lastly, the paper synthesizes the implications of the changes of land market and peri-urban farming on livelihood strategies of peri-urban farmers. In other words, the paper responds to questions such as; where are peri-urban farmers going after selling their land? What activities do they perform after selling land? Consequently, the paper makes an interpretative analysis of the implication of the dynamics inherent in land market and peri-urban farming whether they are blessings or blights to dependants of peri-urban farming. The findings indicate that prior to land reforms of 1990s; land market was dominated by non-monetary transactions and traditional practices. With reforms, transactions have been made legal, practices, actors, drivers of transactions have changed from distributive rights to transactions for investments, speculations, hoarding as livelihood strategies. This is a blessing for peri-urban farming, actors increase embodying both week end farmers, evening farmers, full time farmers, and extensive farming is replaced by intensive practices is also reformed in terms of practices. Reduced land share is a blight for peri-farming and full-time farmers. Amid to these changes, nature of livelihood strategies has changed significantly in peri-urban areas.
Affiliation: University of Dodoma